Can you name the 3 sacraments of initation?
Baptism, Holy Eucharist, and Confirmation
Can you name the 7 Spiritual Works of Mercy?
Admonish the Sinner, Instruct the Ignorant, Counsel the Doubtful, Comfort the Sorrowful,
Bear Wrongs Patiently, Forgive all Injuries, Pray for the Living and the Dead
Can you name the 7 Corporal Works of Mercy?
Feed the Hungry, Give Drink to the Thirsty, Clothe the Naked, Shelter the Homeless,
Visit the Imprisoned, Visit the Sick, and Bury the Dead
How many sacred vessels can you name that hold the consecrated host?
Paten, Ciborium, Pyx, Monstrance, Tabernacle
What are the Four Cardinal Virtues?
– help us lead a moral life by governing our actions, controlling our passions and emotions, and keeping our conduct on the right track.
(good judgment – spiritual common sense),
(fairness-doing right by others),
(courage to do the right thing), and
(moderation – limiting our pleasure for anything).
What are the Three Theological Virtues?
Gifts from God. They are rooted in God, directed toward him, and reflect his presence in our lives.
- believing in God and all he has revealed to us.
- Trust - gives us the desire for heaven, to do God's will and achieve eternal life. It empowers us to trust in God's promise of salvation, and it wards off despair and self-centeredness.
- Enable us to love God above everything, and to love our neighbor as ourselves.
How many popes have there been? Who was the first? Who is our current?
There have been 265 popes with St. Peter as the first, and our current 265th is Pope Benedict XVI.
Who is the patron saint of: a. families; b. librarians; c. catechists?
a. St. Francis of Assisi, St. Joseph, St. Maximiliian Kolbe; b. St. Jerome and St. Catherine of Alexandria; c. St. Charles Borromeo, St. Viator, and St. Robert Bellarmine
What is religiously significant about the number 4?
There are 4 Gospels, 4 last things, 4 corners of the Earth, 4 horsemen of the Apocalypse, 4 Cardinal Virtues, 4 Seasons. Can you name any others?
What is religiously significant about the number 12?
This number symbolizes maturity and totality. 12 Sons of Jacob, 12 tribes of Israel, 12 Apostles, 12 months, 12 minor prophets, 12 Fruits of the Holy Spirit, 12 baskets of bread at the feast of the 5000. Can you think of more?
What is religiously significant about the number 3?
3 Persons in the Blessed Trinity, 3 theological virtues, 3 angels visited Abraham, 3 days of Jonah in the fish's belly, 3 days Jesus was in the tomb, Peter denied Jesus 3 times, 3 days of Saul's blindness, the devil tempted Jesus 3 times, 3 persons at the Transfiguration, 3 witnesses to it. Can you think of more?
Why do we put ashes on our head to start the beginning of Lent?
Ashes are a symbol of mourning, repentance and grief. We should feel remorse or sorrow over sin. We are asking God for forgiveness and help. Ashes remind us of the creation of humans from the dust of the ground. Ashes humble us by reminding us that however proud we may be of ourselves, our accomplishments, and our possessions, in the end, we are dirt, and to dirt we shall return.
Having a dirty face reminds us that sin stains us, and we need to be cleansed with God's grace through Confession.
What are the seven deadly sins and what do they mean?
- the habit of thinking of ourselves and our qualities, more highly than we truly merit;
- misery we feel when we see someone else prosper ;
- desire for sexual pleasure that inclines us to see others as objects for our personal gratification;
- tendency to become angry excessively or without just cause;
- excessive desire for, or use of, food and drink;
- immoderate desire for material goods or worldly honors; and
- spiritual laziness that makes us reluctant to do good because it might cost us something.
What is the significance of blood and water coming out of the side of Christ when his heart was pierced with a spear?
Jesus had lost a lot of blood during the scourging. The body tries to preserve body fluids. The body goes into shock, and the victim will fall or faint due to low blood pressure. Hence, Jesus fell 3 times while carrying his cross. The sacks around the heart and the lungs would fill with a clear fluid, plasma (part of the blood). He would be thirsty, hence he asked for something to drink. When his side was pierced not only blood would come out, but so would the plasma (what looked like water). These two fluids symbolize Christ's two natures: divine and human.
What does the Holy of Holies and the Ark of the Covenant have to do with a tabernacle?
In a Jewish temple, the Holy of Holies is the most sacred part of the temple, where the Ark of the Covenant was kept, and where God was present. In the Catholic church we call this area the Sanctuary, and it contains the tabernacle with God truly present in the consecrated host. The Ark contained the two stone tablets containing the 10n Commandments, the rod of Aaron, and some manna from the desert. There were their holiest items. The Ark was a figure of the Tabernacle we have today. The Tabernacle contains our holiest item, the Holy Eucharist.
What is symbolic about the #40?
The Flood of Noah's time lasted 40 days and 40 nights; Israelites wandered in the desert for 40 years; Moses spent 40 days on Mt. Sinai, Elijah spent 40 days fasting; Nineveh's probation was 40 days; Jesus was tempted in the wilderness for 40 days.
What does the church command about Confessions?
According to the Church's command, "after having reached the age of discretion, each of the faithful is bound by an obligation faithfully to confess serious sins at least once a year." Council of Trent (1551)
How many books are there in a Catholic Bible?
73 books total: 46 books in the Old Testament , and 27 books in the New Testament
How many biblical titles for Jesus can you name?
Here's just a few: Christ, Messiah, King of Kings, Lamb of God, Teacher, Root of David's line, The Way the Truth and the Life, Master, Savior, Prince of Peace, Holy One, Bread of God, Beloved Son, Cornerstone, Lord of Peace...
The Prophetic Books of the Old Testament are grouped into two categories: Major Prophets, and Minor Prophets. Can you name them?
Major: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Baruch, Ezekiel
Minor: Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micha, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi
Known as the Pauline Letters, which books in the New Testament are attributed to
Romans, Corinthian 1+2, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, Thessalonians 1+2, Timothy 1+2, and Titus.
The first 5 books in the Old Testament are known as? Name them.
The Torah, or the Pentateuch: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
How many choirs of angels are there? Name them in ascending order.
9: Angels, Archangels, Principalities, Powers, Virtues, Dominations, Thrones, Cherubim, and Seraphim.
What is Simony?
Buying or selling of spiritual things that have been blessed, or relics. One should never buy a relic, not even to save it from the market or from being sold to who will disrespect the item. This just encourages the continued sale of such items.
Stealing sacred things; refers to profaning sacraments, liturgical actions, persons, things, or places consecrated to God; normally refers to an action – desecration but also includes sacrilegious talk.
Can you name other titles for the Holy Spirit? What are some symbols for the Holy Spirit?
Paraclete, Spirit of Truth, Consoler, Spirit of the Promise, Spirit of Adoption, Spirit of Christ, Spirit of the Lord, Spirit of God, Spirit of Glory, Counselor.
Fire, Dove, Water, Wind, Cloud, Finger of God.
The 12 Tribes of
are founded by the 12 sons of Jacob (
). Can you name them?
(Mom’s name is in parenthesis).
(Bilhah, Rachel’s maid),
(Zilpah, Leah’s maid),
How many Saints can you name that start with the letter S?
Saints: Salvatore, Samuel, Sarah, Sebastian, Secundinus, Senator, Serena, Simeon, Simon, Sophia, Stephen, Suzanne, Sylvester, and many more.
Here’s a great website for Saints: www.catholic.org/saints/
How many Saints can you name that start with the letter T?
Saints:Tabitha, Terence, Thaddeus, Theodora, Theofrid, Theophilus, Theresa, Thomas, Tiberius, Timothy, Titus, Tuscus, and many more.
Here’s a great website for Saints: www.catholic.org/saints/
What is the difference between Profanity and Blasphemy, and swearing versus Cursing?
Profanity – taking the name of God in vain.
Blasphemy – trivializing, degrading, affronting God, saints, sacred things.
Swearing – calling God to witness (both oaths that are disrespectful, misuse of God’s name, or a lie told under oath, perjury).
Cursing – blasphemy by calling down evil upon a person, place, or thing.
Can you name the 12 Apostles, and the one who replaced Judas?
Simon Peter (the rock), Andrew (Peter’s brother), James the Greater (the first James that was called), James the Less (the brother of John), John the beloved (the only one not martyred, and took care of Mary), Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas (the twin), Matthew (the tax collector), Jude (Thaddaeus), Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot who was replaced with Matthias.
How many miracles of Jesus can you name from the Bible?
Here are just a few: Calming of the storm, Multiplication of loaves, Coin in the fish’s mouth, Restoring a man with a withered hand, Cure of a mute man, Opening the eyes of two blind men, Cure of the mother-in-law of Peter, Healing Malchus’s ear, resurrection of daughter of Jairus, and deliverance of a mute demoniac.
Can you name all 5 of the Luminous Mysteries of the Rosary?
The Baptism in the Jordan; The Wedding at Cana; The Proclamation of the Kingdom of God; The Transfiguration; and The Institution of the Eucharist
Can you name some of the Doctors of the Church? What is a doctor?
Doctor is a title given to authors of eminent holiness and learning, whose work significantly enhanced the cause of Christ. There are 33 including: Alphonsus Liguori, Ambrose, Augustine, Bonaventure, Francis de Sales, Jerome, Thomas Aquinas, Teresa of Avila, Catherine of Siena, Therese of Lisieux.
Can you name some of the Fathers of the Church? What is a Father?
Fathers are theologians and writers of the first eight centuries, eminent in holiness and learning, authoritative witnesses to the Church that they unanimously decided which doctrines to accept or brand as heretical. There are 89, including: Ignatius, Polycarp, Ambrose, Augustine, Basil, Gregory I, John Chrysostom, and Jerome.
Can you name all 5 of the Glorious Mysteries of the Rosary?
The Resurrection; The Ascension to Heaven; The Descent of the Holy Spirit; The Assumption of Mary; and the Coronation of Mary
What does this symbol represent?
It is called the Chi Rho (pronounced Key Row), or called a Chrisma (which is Greek for ointment). XP are letters for CH and R in Greek. It is a symbol for Christ, and a monogram for Constantine. The three intersecting lines create the 6 directions which emanate infinitely outward. Yet they all meet and originate at the center point, the 7
point, the place of rest, of balance. God created the universe in 6 days and on the 7
Can you name all 5 of the Joyful Mysteries of the Rosary?
The Annunciation; The Visitation; The Nativity; The Presentation in the Temple; and The Finding in the Temple
Can you name the two types of actual sin and the difference between them?
is breaking God’s Laws which lessens the love of God in the heart. Venial Sin –
a minor offense. Mortal Sin
– all 3 things must be present: the sin must be grievous, there must be sufficient reflection (you must know it's really wrong to do), and you must give full consent of the will (you can't be forced).
What is the 3-fold Office of Christ?
Priest – sanctifying; Prophet – teaching; King – Pastoring. We are all called to teach, lead, and to make holy.
What are the two main sections of the Bible called, and how many books are in each?
There are 73 books in the Bible. Old Testament = 46, New Testament = 27
What is the first section of the Old Testament called? Can you name all of the books?
Pentateuch or the Torah. The 5 books are: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
The second section of the Old Testament is labeled the Historical Books. Can you name them?
Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings, 1 and 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Tobit, Judith, Esther, and 1 and 2 Maccabees.
The third section of the Old Testament is labeled The Wisdom Books. Can you name them?
Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Wisdom, Sirach.
Can you name all 5 of the Sorrowful Mysteries of the Rosary?
The Agony in the Garden; the Scourging at the Pillar; The Crowning with Thorns; The Carrying of the Cross; and The Crucifixion and Death
In the Old Testament there were several names for the Promised Land. How many can you name?
Land of Milk and Honey, Canaan, Israel, Palestine, Judah, The Holy Land, and Zion
What is the Beatific Vision?
The “Blessed” sight of God, face-to-face, as he really is, especially as a gift at the moment of death.
What are the 3 stages of Sainthood?
If a person died a martyr or lived a virtuous life, after research on the person’s life, the Pope can declare him/her Venerable. Then, after more research and if 2 miracles are attributed to this person, he/she can be declared Blessed. After a period of time, and further research into his/her background, a person can be declared a Saint. In 1983, the process of declaring someone a saint dropped from 100 to 10 years. In 1159AD, Pope Alexander III restricted canonization to the Holy See.
Who was the first saint canonized?
In 993AD the first saint to be formally canonized, Ulric of Augsburg, Germany, by Pope John XV. He lead the cities inhabitants to rebuild the Cathedral after it was plundered. His feast day is July 4, and he is the patron saint against faintness, fever, mice, moles, and against birth complications and is the patron saint of Germany, happy death and weavers.
against birth complications; against faintness; against fever; against mice and moles; diocese of Augsburg, Germany; happy death; weavers
What is a relic?
Relics are objects associated with saints. 3 Categories: 1
class relic is a part of the body of the Saint. 2
class relic is an article of clothing or something used by a Saint. 3
class relic is any object touched to a first class relic.
If a relic is large, a bishop’s permission is required for it to be kept in a private home.
Catholic Bibles contain 73 books, where as all Protestant religions have only 66 books in their Bibles. Which 7 books are the Protestants missing?
Tobit, Judith, Baruch, Wisdom, Sirach (Ecclesiasticus), 1 and 2 Maccabees, plus parts of Esther and Daniel.
How many women prophets were there, and what were their names?
7 – Sarah, Miriam, Deborah, Hannah, Abigail, Hulda, and Esther from the Old Testament, and 1 from the New Testament – Anna.
What does the Advent Wreath symbolize, beside the 4 weeks of Advent?
New and eternal life, round shape (circle) means no end and no beginning, holly means immortality, pinecones and nuts are life and resurrection, the rose candle is the midpoint means rejoice, the greenery or laurel is victory over suffering, and the cedar is strength and healing.
The New Testament, like the Old Testament can be divided into 4 sections. What are they?
1 – The Law (Genesis to Deuteronomy and The Gospels), 2 – History (Joshua to 2 Maccabees and The Acts of the Apostles), 3 – Wisdom (Job to Sirach and The Epistles), 4 – Prophecy (Isaiah to Malachi and Revelation).
Where in the Old Testament can we find Mary and Jesus being foretold?
Just a few are : Isaiah 7:14…virgin shall be with child; 11:1-5…a shoot shall sprout from the stump of Jesse; Jeremiah 23: 5…raise up a righteous shoot to David; and 33: 14-15…I will fulfill the promise…raise up for David a just shoot…; Micah 5:2-4…she who is to give birth…; Deuteronomy 18:15; Numbers 24:17; Psalms 22: 15-19; and many others.
Who came to see Jesus after he was born, while he was in the manger?
Luke 2: 13-20, Shepherds in the fields were told of Jesus by the angels.
Matthew, chapter 2: 1-12, Magi arrived from the east.
What do the words Noel and Immanuel mean ?
In Latin, Noel means natalis or Birthday, in French Noel means Christmas. Immanuel in Hebrew means God is with us; or messiah. Isaiah 7:14.
What do the 3 Gifts from the Wise Men (Magi) represent?
– was given to royalty, kings; shows the royalty of Jesus;
– very rare incense, reserved for only special occasions, used in temples to worship God; shows the divinity of Jesus;
used in perfumes to create a pleasurable smell that the wealthy people like, used for only special occasions especially for funerals; that Jesus was human and would one day die; it represents the passion and death of Jesus.
What is tithing and where are the Biblical instructions for it?
This is giving 1/10
of your income to the church. The Levite tribe were the priests, and in Numbers 18:21-32, it speaks of giving the priests your tithe…or in our case, the church. Abram gave a tenth of everything. (Genesis 14:20); Return to me…in tithes and in offerings…(Malachi 3: 7-10); a tithe is 1/10
- (Leviticus 27:30-32); we don’t pay with animals, so we do as Deuteronomy 14: 25 says…take your money to God. We should give our best to God…(2Chronicles 31:5).
Name the books found in the third section of the New Testament titled Catholic Letters.
Letter of James, 1+2 Letter of Peter, 1+2+3 Letter of John, and the Letter of Jude.
Where can we find Purgatory in the Bible?
2 Maccabees 12:38-46 speaks of offering prayers and sacrifices for the dead. Why do this if they went straight to heaven? Because we can help them atone for their sins. 1 Peter 1:7 speaks of being purified through fire. 1 Corinthians 3:11-15 speaks of those cleansed through fire, and Malachi 3:2-4. Catechism of the Catholic Church #1054 defines purgatory.
Do we get everything we know about Jesus from the Bible alone?
Not everything is written. We also have Sacred Tradition - stories told orally.
John 21:25 – “There are also many other things that Jesus did, but if these were to be described individually, I do not think the whole world would contain the books that would be written.” (CCC 76) – The Gospel was handed on in two ways: orally, and in writing.
What do you know about St. Valentine?
His feast day is Feb 14 and he was a priest in Rome. He was beaten and beheaded in 269 by order of Emperor Claudis II, because he refused to give up his faith and continued to officiate at weddings as well as help the persecuted. He’s the Patron Saint of love, courtship, engaged couples, happy marriages, bee keepers, epilepsy, plague, fainting and greetings. http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=159
What are the 7 Gifts of the Holy Spirit?
Wisdom (see things from God’s point of view), Understanding (enlighten the mind with divine truth), Counsel (right judgement), fortitude (courage to stand up for God and his truths), knowledge, piety (reverence) (a desire to serve God), and fear of the Lord (awe and wonder) = these are supernatural graces or spiritual gifts that are given by the Holy Spirit. (CCC #1831) (Isaiah 11:1-3)
What are the 12 Fruits of the Holy Spirit?
Charity, Joy, Peace, Patience, Kindness, Goodness
, Long-Suffering, Humility, Fidelity, Modesty, Continence (Self-restraint or moderation), and Chastity, (CCC #1832). Later they were regrouped into the 6 underlined above, plus Faithfulness, Gentleness, and Self-Control, (CCC #736), (Galatians 5:22).
Why do we use incense at Mass?
Veneration is shown by incensing the altar, Book of Gospels, gifts of bread and wine and the assembly. The symbolism is rich in prayer and purification. It’s burning represents zeal and fervor. Fragrance represents virtue. Its rising smoke represents acceptable prayer going to heaven, as noted in Psalm 141:2.
What is fasting and who should do it?
There are 2 types of fasting. Anyone who will be receiving Communion at Mass or a Communion Service, must fast 1 hour prior to receiving (this means no food or drink except water and medicine). The second type of fasting is associated with the Lenten Season. Fasting, (which is a normal meal for the day, plus 2 smaller than normal meals, no eating or snacking between meals, with the exception of water and medicine), should be done on Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, and all Fridays of Lent. Those under obligation to follow the rules of Lenten fasting are: abstinence for everyone 14 years of age and older, and the fasting is for those aged 14 to 59, according to Canon Law 1252.
What are the effects of Sin?
Loss of Grace, rupture of communion with God and with the Church, suffering and death, punishment and eternal damnation (for grave sin), loss of heaven, corrupts the concrete judgment of good and evil, and tends to reproduce itself (inclination to sin again).
CCC 817, 845, 953, 1006, 1008, 1440, 1472, 1505, 1865
The Ten Commandments, or Decalogue (Ten Words), can be divided into 2 groups. Explain
The first 3 Commandments concern love of God, and are written on the first tablet.
The other 7 concern love of neighbor and are written on the second tablet. This division was established by St. Augustine. CCC 2006, 2067
What is Typology?
The relationship between the New and the Old Testament where “historical persons and events foreshadow or prefigure a future person or event.” Such as: The flight of the Holy Family into Egypt – the Egyptian migration of Jacob’s family; and the Sermon on the Mount by Jesus – Moses on Mt. Sinai. How many more can you name?
Name some more examples of Typology.
The Last Supper – Melchizedek’s bread offering to Abraham / or the desert manna; Jesus carrying his Cross – Isaac with the wood for his own sacrifice; Jesus appearing to the disciples – Joseph revealing himself to his brothers; Jesus laid in the tomb for 3 days – Jonah spent 3 days in the whale; and John baptized people in a spiritual freedom – Moses parts the Red Sea in a physical freedom.
The inscription above Jesus head, on the cross, INRI, what does that mean?
In Latin: INRI – Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum (Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews).
It was also written in Hebrew and in Greek. (John 19:19-22)
Who were the first to see the risen Lord, and who was the last Apostle to see him?
Mary the mother of James, Mary Magdalene and Salome (Mark 16:1) the women who came to anoint the body in the tomb saw Jesus first. The Apostle Thomas was not present in the upper room when Jesus came to visit and didn’t believe that the others had seen Jesus, until another time when Jesus visited and Thomas was able to put into Christ’s nailmarks (John 20).
Why is an egg a symbol for Easter?
Easter eggs symbolize new life or re-birth; also Christ rising from the cold dark tomb or the chick from the cold hard shell. The cold casket from which new life finally and triumphantly breaks forth. Goldsmith, Peter Faberge, gilded eggs (attached gold leafing) for Czar Alexander III of Russia. Poor folk just dyed their Easter eggs to make them look pretty.
What role does an Easter basket have for Christians?
Baskets used to bring to the church the first of the harvest, fresh fruits and foods. After the harsh winter and the long Lenten season, the basket holding the fresh risen bread and new fruit became a symbol of new life. Easter baskets used to be more elaborate and were brought to church for a special Easter Blessing.
How long is the Easter Season?
50 days from Easter Sunday to Pentecost Sunday. This includes Easter Sunday, Divine Mercy Sunday (the next Sunday), Ascension Thursday (40 Days after Easter). The color for the Priest’s Chasuble is White.
Other than a fish or a lamb, what other symbols are used to represent Christ?
Sun (Malachi 3:20), Tree of Jesse (Isaiah 11:1), Vine (John 15:1), Fountain (Zechariah 13:1), Good Shepherd (John 10:1-30), and many others.
What is religiously significant about the number 7?
7 Christian Virtues, every 7
year a sabbatical year, and every 7
sabbatical year is a jubilee year, 7 sorrow of Mary, 7 seals on the Book of Life, 7 deadly sins, 7 trumpets of Jericho, 7 gifts of the Holy Spirit, 7 Corporal and 7 Spiritual Works of Mercy….can you name more?
Which tribe of Israelites was giving the command to take care of the sanctuary?
Tribe of Levi.
They are the priesthood, and only they can go near the altar. They are in charge of all things sacred, and receive a portion of all sacrifices offered by the Israelites. (Numbers 18 : 1-10)
How many Saints can you name that start with the letter B?
Barbara, Barnard, Barsabas, Bartholomew, Basil, Venerable Bede, Benedict, Benjamin, Bernadette, Bernard, Bertrand, Blaise, Bonaventure, Boniface, Boswell, Brendan, Bridget, Bruno, and many more…
What is religiously significant about the number 40?
Days and nights of the flood, days Moses spent on Mt. Sinai, days of Jesus’ temptation in the wilderness, years the Israelites ate Manna, days spies searched the land of Canaan, Judge Abdon had 40 sons, years Saul, Solomon, and David each reigned over Israel, days God gave Nineveh to repent, and more…
What are some ways that children can practice the Corporal Work of Mercy, shelter the Homeless?
Clean your bedroom; vacuum the carpets; help fix the shingles on your roof; clean out the gutters on your roof; mow your lawn, or someone else’s for free; give money to the poor; help build a house for the poor; give up your bed for a visiting relative; help plant bulbs, flowers, or trees in the yard; clean out the fish tank; pick up the dog poop from the yard; pick up the trash from the yard.
What are some ways that children can practice the Corporal Work of Mercy, clothe the Naked?
Help fold and put away the laundry; do the ironing; help sew / mend some clothing; collect clothing for the poor; donate your clothes to the needy; help your little brother / sister get dressed; empty the diaper pail; wash your bed sheets; make a bed; put a blanket on your sleeping sibling to keep them warm; tie someone’s shoe.
What is the most popular first name used by the popes? Who was the last pope to come up with a new name that hasn’t been used again so far?
John, although there isn’t a John XX, or XVI, there is a John Paul I and II, bringing the count of Johns to 23. The next most popular is Gregory with 16. Benedict was only used 15 times (there’s no Benedict X). Pope Lando ruled from 913-914, and no one has used his name yet. On a side note, Peter is the first pope and no other popes have used this name.
What is freedom?
Freedom is the power, rooted in reason and will, to act or not to act, to perform deliberate actions on one’s own responsibility; it shapes one’s own life; it attains its perfection when directed toward God; the more one does what is good, the freer one becomes. The choice to disobey and do evil is an abuse of freedom and leads to slavery of sin. (CCC1731-1733)
What 3 items were placed into the Ark of the Covenant?
A gold jar of manna (Exodus 16:33), the budding staff of Aaron (Numbers 17:25), and the tablets containing the 10 commandments (Exodus 25:16). (Hebrews 9:4)
What are the Sacraments at the Service of Communion?
Holy Orders and Matrimony are directed towards the salvation of others – through service to others – they confer a particular mission in the Church and serve to build up the People of God. (CCC 1534)
Where do we get the saying, they could see the handwriting on the wall?
This indicates impending doom. In Daniel, chapter 5, Daniel read the message written on the wall by a disembodied hand, that warned King Belshazzar that God was going to put and end to his kingdom because he had sinned and used sacred vessels for his party. That night the King was slain.
How many parables can you name that Jesus told?
House Built on Rock, Mustard See, Found Treasure, Unmerciful Servant, Laborers in the Vineyard, Ten Virgins, Talents, Two Debtors, Good Samaritan, Barren Fig Tree, Lost Sheep, Prodigal Son, Dishonest Steward, Persistent Widow, and more.
What is scandal?
Scandal is an attitude or behavior, deed or omission, which leads another to do evil; and will be responsible for the evil he has encouraged. It can be provoked by laws or institutions, by fashion or opinion. It leads to the decline of morals, corruption of religious practice, and disobedience to the commandments. (CCC 2284-7)
What are the 4 Marks of the Church (characteristic that represents the one true faith)? Found in the Creed. Explain the first 2 marks.
– We are founded and lead by Christ; which means that we all believe the same truths, doctrines; no matter where you go in the world. (CCC 813-5)
– The church becomes holy when Jesus died for us, and endowed us with the gift of the Holy Spirit; our members are called saints. (823)
What are the 4 Marks of the Church (characteristic that represents the one true faith)? Found in the Creed. Explain the last 2 marks.
– Christ is present in her and sends its members on a mission to all human beings to bring the Good News to everyone (Universal). All mankind is called by God’s grace to salvation. (830-1, 836)
– Our leaders, popes, trace their lineage back to the Apostles; they handed on the faith, the good deposit; and the church continues to be guided by the apostles. (857)
What should Catechesis contain?
The teaching of the faith to others should contain: joy and the demands of the way of Christ; Holy Spirit who inspires, guides, corrects and strengthens; grace which saves us and through our works bears fruit; beatitudes; sin and forgiveness; human and Christian virtues, inspired by saints; 10 commandments; communion of saints; and Jesus Christ who is the way, the truth, and the life. (CCC 1696-1698)
How many degrees of Holy Orders are there?
3: Bishop, Priest and Deacon. (CCC 1536, 1554, 882-4) The Pope is the Bishop of Rome and head of the bishops; Cardinals are chosen by the popes as advisors and elect the new pope, and can be bishops, priests, or deacons; Monsignors are priests (with a special recognition of service and a special title).
Who are the lay faithful?
Everyone in the faith except for those who received Holy Orders and those who belong to a religious state approved by the Church. (CCC 897)
What is the meaning of the word Church?
The Hebrew word qahal and Greek ekklesia means gathering of people or community for worship. Church means the people gathered by God into one community, guided today by the bishops, whose head is the Pope. Church is also a building where the faithful gather. (CCC 751-6)
What are the 3 types of prayer?
(speaking aloud individually or as a group),
(meditating on or prayerfully thinking about a scripture passage, statue, spiritual writing, a part of faith, a mystery of the rosary or station of the cross),
(silent, individual prayer, no words, gaze on Jesus and listen to him speak to you). (CCC 2697-2724)
The four evangelists, who wrote the gospels, were each given a symbol to represent them. What are their symbols?
– angel or winged man – genealogy of Jesus starts this gospel;
– lion - voice in the wilderness like a roar of a lion;
– ox – gospel deals with sacrificial aspects of Christ and begins with a temple scene;
– Eagle – his gaze pierces so far into the mystery of heaven.
What is a Tetramorph and where would you find it?
These are four symbols (four shapes that make a whole) that represent the 4 evangelists who wrote the gospels and are usually located on the Ambo where the Gospels are proclaimed. Matthew’s angel or winged man, Mark’s lion, Luke’s ox, and John’s Eagle.
Name the Saints that are the patron saints of: Television; Tax Collectors; and schools.
Television – Clare, Aug 11, television workers – Gabriel, Sept 29; Tax – Matthew, Sept 21; and schools – Thomas Aquinas, Jan 28.
Name the Saints that are the patron saints of: Altar servers; Lecturers; Ushers.
Altar servers – John Berchmans, Aug 13; Lecturers – Justin Martyr, Jun 1; Ushers – Julian, Feb 12.
What does Liturgy mean?
Public work or service in the name of/on behalf of the people; participation of the People of God in the work of God; celebration of divine worship and the proclamation of the Gospel and to active charity (love). (CCC 1069-75)
What is wormwood?
Although this plant is now used as an anesthetic, curing jaundice and indigestion, it was used as a stimulant, and exterminates tape worms, in biblical times, it was a bitter herb that was used as a poison. In Revelation it’s the name of a star that would poison the waters and make them bitter (Revelation 8:10-11). It’s also mentioned in: Jeremiah 9:15, 23:15; Zechariah 13:8-9; Proverbs 5:4; Lamentations 3:19.
Why do we celebrate the Lord’s Day on Sunday instead of Saturday like the Jews?
Sunday is the day Christ rose from the dead, and it is the memorial of the first day of creation. The light of the world is raised and we receive the healing rays of the sun of justice. (CCC 1166-7)
What does Eucharist mean?
From the Greek word
. it’s a Jewish blessing of God’s works, especially during a meal. Jesus broke bread, blessed and distributed it. All who eat enter into communion with him. It is a sacrifice of
to the Father; the Church expresses her gratitude for all its benefits – through Christ, with him and in him. (CCC 1328-9, 1360-1)
The song the 12 Days of Christmas was written as a Catechism song for young Catholics, somewhere around 1558. This is back when Catholics hid that they practiced Catholicism to avoid persecution. See if you can figure out what each number represents?
1 – Jesus Christ = the partridge is willing to sacrifice itself for its children. The tree is the cross. 2 – Old and New Testament. The rest next week.
12 Days of Christmas song – what do the numbers represent?
1 – Jesus. 2 – Old and New Testaments. 3 – Faith, Hope, and Love. 4 – Gospels. 5 – first 5 books of the Bible, the Pentateuch. 6 – geese laying eggs = 6 days of creation. 7 – Gifts of the Holy Spirit. 8 – Beatitudes. 9 – Fruits of the Holy Spirit. 10 – 10 Commandments. 11 – Faithful Apostles. 12 – 12 Articles of Faith in the Creed. (Catholic News Agency – Fr. Goodwin)
What baby was born to a relative of Mary’s, about 6 months before the birth of Jesus?
John the Baptist was born to Elizabeth (Mary’s relative, possibly a cousin) and Zacharias. (Luke 1:31, 36, 56-57, 76)
Where in the Bible is the prophecy of a Messiah to be born?
… virgin shall be with child…From the throne of David…a child is born (Isaiah 7:8; 9:5-6); She is to give birth…his greatness shall reach to the ends of the earth; he shall be peace (Micah 5:1-4); and Your king shall come to you; a just savior…riding on an ass..(Zechariah 9;9-10).
Who are the magi and where are they mentioned in the Bible?
In Matthew 2:1-12, the magi come from the east and bring gifts. No names or countries are mentioned. However, Psalms 72:10, mentions 3 kings that will pay tribute and bring gifts from Tarshish, Arabia, and Seba. St. Bede in 735AD gives us the names: (an old man) Melchior, (black complexion with a beard) Baltasar, and (young, beardless) Gaspar.
Isaiah 60:6-9 talks about the kings coming and what they bring.
What is the light near the tabernacle called and why do we have it?
Sanctuary Lamp – when lit it indicates that Jesus is truly present and we should genuflect to our God; when not lit the tabernacle is empty, we bow deeply out of reverence to the place where Jesus can usually be found. (CCC 1378-9)
What is anamnesis or memorial?
The Eucharist is the memorial of Christ’s Passover. We don’t just recall the past events; we are re-presenting the sacrifice on the cross at every Mass. We must always remember Christ’s sacrifice and pay him homage. (CCC 1362-68)
What is Epiclesis?
It is a special prayer during the Mass, when the priest asks the Father to send the Holy Spirit, so that the offerings may become the body and blood of Christ, and the faithful receiving them become a living offering to God. (CCC 1105, 1109)
What are the two main parts of the Mass?
Litugy of the Word
– gathering, readings, gospel, homily, general intercessions;
Liturgy of the Eucharist
– presentations of gifts, consecration, and communion.
What is sin?
Sin is an offense against reason, truth, and right conscience; it is failure in genuine love for God and neighbor; an utterance, deed, or a desire contrary to the eternal law; disobeying God’s laws. (CCC 1849-51)
What are the 7 deadly sins (vices)?
Pride, Avarice (Greed – immoderate desire for wealth), Envy – sadness at the sight of another’s goods and the immoderate desire to acquire them for oneself, even unjustly, whishing harm to those who possess what you want (Covetousness), Wrath (Anger – desire vengeance, wish evil on someone), Lust, Gluttony (excessive indulgence, a failure in self-discipline), Sloth or Acedia (Laziness). (CCC 1866, 2094, 2302, 2539, 2552)
What 7 graces or virtues that counteract the 7 deadly sins?
Pride à Humility, Avarice (Greed) àGenerosity and Justice, Envy (Covetousness) à Brotherly Love and Joy, Wrath (Anger) àGentleness and Peace, Lust à Chastity and Modesty, Gluttony à Temperance (Moderation or Self-Control), and Sloth (Acedia) à Diligence.
What is Transubstantiation?
During the consecration of the Mass, the priest asks the Holy Spirit to change the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus. Transubstantiation means that the
, or accident, of bread and wine still exists, so that it still looks, smells, and tastes like bread and wine, but the
transitions from wine and bread into a substantial presence, Jesus’ Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity. The Eucharist is truly Christ made manifest to us! (CCC 1373-80, 1413)
What food did John the Baptist eat while preaching the coming of Jesus?
Locusts and wild honey. (Matthew 3:4)
Let’s prepare for Jesus coming by thinking about what food we could give up for lent: donuts, chocolate, pies, bread, pasta, seafood, sweets, soda, gum, coffee, etc.
What is the virtue of temperance?
It disposes us to avoid every kind of excess: alcohol, food, medicine, anything that can lead to endangering yourself or others. (CCC 2290) It teaches us moderation, not to overdo our eating, our pleasures, our resting to become laziness, our playing to not get work finished, etc.
Name a story from the New Testament about forgiveness?
Prodigal Son (Luke 15:11-32); Woman who washed Jesus feet (Luke 7:48); How many times? (Matthew 18:22); Jesus told Apostles who sins you forgive, they are forgiven (John 20:23); Adulterous Woman (John 8:11); which do you remember?
What is the Paschal Mystery?
Christ’s work of redemption accomplished principally by his Passion, death, Resurrection,
and glorious Ascension, whereby “dying he destroyed our death, rising he restored our life”
How long is the Easter Season?
Easter is 50 days, beginning with Easter Sunday, and ending on the Feast of Pentecost on the 7
Sunday after Easter Sunday. Pentecost is celebrated as the birthday of the church, when the Holy Spirit descended on the Apostles. (CCC 1076, 726, 731)
What is the prayer the deacon or priest says before reading the Gospel during Mass?
We trace a cross on our forehead while saying, “May the Word of God remain always in my mind,” trace a cross on lips while saying, “ On my Lips,” and trace cross on heart, “And in my heart.” (USCCB.org) It is an outward act to profess our inward faith in the Trinity – Life Teen.com.
What two sacraments were instituted during the Last Supper?
Holy Eucharist and Holy Order (Sacred Priesthood). (CCC 611, 1337)
In what city did Jesus perform his first miracle, and what was it?
At the wedding feast at Cana, Jesus turned the water into wine. (John 2:11)
Who do we pray for at the Mass? What do we call this prayer?
Prayer of the Faithful, Universal Prayer, or the General Intercessions. Listed in order, we pray for: The Church, the World and the nation, for those oppressed by any kind of need, and then for the local community.
What is the religious significance of the number 10?
There are: 10 Commandments, 10 plagues of Egypt, 10 wicked brothers of Joseph, 10 Virgins, 10 lepers were cured by Jesus, any number multiplied by ten or tens signifies the highest possible number, such as forgiving someone 7 times 70 times.
Once a person is fully initiated into the Catholic Church, Confirmed, what are they obligated to do?
As true witnesses of Christ, they are “more strictly obliged to spread and defend the faith by word and deed.” (CCC 1285)
What is the origin of Goodbye?
The word is contraction of “God be with you.” Catholic Source Book, p. 515 and dictionary on-line states, “God be with Ye,” as a farewell as someone leaves, “I commend you to God.”
How many Saints can you name that start with the letter M?
Madeleine, Magdalene, Malachy, Manuel, Marcellus, Margaret, Marguerite, Mary, Maria, Mark, Martha, Martin, Matthew, Matthias, Maurice, Maximilian, Michael, Mildred, Minervius, Monica, Moses and many others.
What symbols represent Satan in the Bible?
Antichrist (1 John 4:3); Baal (Rom 11:4); Bear (Rev 13:2); Crow/Raven (Proverbs 30); Fox (Luke 13:32); Frog (Rev 16:13); Goat (Lev 17:7); Lion (1 Peter 5:8); Serpent (Isaiah 14:20)
Whale (Jonah); Wolf (Matthew 7:15); Wormwood (Rev 8:11); 666 (Rev 13:18), etc. How many more can you name?
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego were 3 men cast into a furnace by King Nebuchadnezzar. What happened to them?
The King ordered all the people of the land to bow down and worship a golden statue. When these 3 refused, they were thrown into the furnace. The Lord sent Azariah, an angel, into the furnance to protect them so that they would not be burned. After seeing them singing and dancing, the King was convinced that their God was the true God, and freed them. (Daniel 3)
What does ICTHUS mean?
Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior. It is the Greek word for fish, and it was used among early Christians as a secret password to keep the location of their meetings or Masses from their persecutors.
To be cured of his leprosy, how many times did the Soldier Naaman have to bathe in the Jordan River?
7 times (2 Kings 5:14)
Name some of the titles for the Virgin Mary.
Mother of God, Immaculate Conception, (Our Lady of Grace, Perpetual Help, Sorrows, and Mt. Carmel), (Our Lady of Guadalupe, Lourdes, and Fatima), Madonna, Immaculate Heart, (Queen of Heaven and Earth, Angels, Confessors, Martyrs, of the Most Holy Rosary), Blessed Virgin, Mother of Divine Grace, Morning Star, Star of the Sea, Ark of the Covenant… Go to http://www.roman-catholic-saints.com/titles-of-mary.html for more.
How many martyrs can you name?
Saints: 11 apostles, Agnes, Anthony, Boniface, Caspar, Cyprian, John Fisher, Ignatius, Jacques Kuen, Justin, Lawrence, Maria Goretti, Paul, Perpetua and Felicity, Polycarp, Stephen, and many more… (http://www.catholic.org/saints/martyr.php).
List the 6 Holy Days of Obligation which generally don’t fall on a Sunday, when we must attend Mass.
Christmas (25 Dec), Immaculate Conception (8 Dec), Ascension Thursday (50 days after Easter), Solemnity of Mary, the Mother of God (1 Jan), Assumption of Mary into Heaven (Aug 15), All Saints Day (1 November).
How many “St. John”s can you name?
John the Baptist, John Baptist de la Salle, Bosco, de Brebeuf, of Capistrano, Chrysostom, of the Cross, Damascene, Eudes, Fisher, of God, of Kanti, Leonardi, Neumann, and St. John Vianney,
How many banquet scenes can you remember from the Gospels? (These are all from Luke).
Jesus eats with Levi and sinners (5:29-32), Simon the Pharisee’s dinner (7:36-50), Martha and Mary’s house (10:38-42), Pharisee’s dinner (11:37-54), Leading Pharisee’s Sabbath meal (14:1-24), Marriage Feast (14:7-14), Great Feast (14:15-24), Prodigal Son (15:11-32), Zacchaeus House (19:1-10), Last Supper (22:14-38), Emmaus meal (24:13-32).
The Lay Scapular has evolved into 18 colors. Five are special devotions that the Church approved. What are they?
– Our Lady of Mt. Carmel (1910 the scapular medal was authorized by the Holy See with the same privileges attached);
– Christ’s Passion;
– 7 Sorrows of Mary;
– Immaculate Conception; and the
Scapular of the Holy Trinity. (The Catholic Source Book)
Can you name the 7 main churches in Rome?
St. Peter’s Basilica, St. John Lateran, St. Mary Major Bascilica, Holy Cross in Jerusalem (in Rome), St. Paul’s Outside the Walls, St. Lawrence Outside the Walls, and St. Sebastian Outside the Walls.
In the 4th Century a very special custom began. To gain the status of basilica, or when building a new basilica, the altar should be positioned over what?
The grave of a martyr.
Catholic Bibles contain 73 books, where as all Protestant religions have only 66 books in their Bibles. Which 7 books are the Protestants missing?
Tobit, Judith, Baruch, Wisdom, Sirach (Ecclesiasticus), 1 and 2 Maccabees, plus parts of Esther and Daniel.
All 30,000 Christian Faiths began in the past 500 years by branching off of the Catholic Faith.
Did Catholics add 7 books or did the Protestant faiths remove 7 books?
All Christians were Catholic and all believed in 73 books of the Bible, 46 in the Old Testament until Martin Luther in 1529 proposed using the 39-book canon that the rabbinic Jews used. Luther didn’t agree with the church on subjects contained in these books, such as the existence of Purgatory. (Beginning Apologetics 1, by Chacon and Burnham)
What is Apologetics?
Defending your faith using Sacred Scripture, common sense, and Catholic Doctrine, as well as a loving spirit to explain and evangelize. We should all be able to defend our faith “with gentleness and reverence” (1 Peter 3:15-16). Usually we are explaining our Catholic Faith to other Christian Faiths.
Why do Catholics believe that Divine Revelation was given to us through Oral Tradition and not just Sacred Scriptures?
Jesus taught the Apostles and they told others about Divine Revelation. This “Oral” work was passed on from person to person until some of it was written down. “…hold fast to the traditions that you were taught, either by an oral statement or by a letter of ours.” (2 Thess 2:15) And the last sentence of the Gospel of John, “There are also many other things that Jesus did, … I do not think the whole world would contain the books that would be written.” (CCC 80-87)
What does Cathedral mean?
‘Ex cathedra,’ Latin for ‘from the chair’ this means authoritative; from the papal pronouncement made ‘from the chair’ of St. Peter’s successors; binding; a chair of office. Each diocese will have only one Cathedral. It contains the Bishop’s Chair or throne. (Catholic Resource Book and dictionary on-line).
Which Pope reigned the longest? Shortest?
Peter our first Pope reigned for 35 years. Although Pope John Paul I only served 34 days before he died, it was Pope Urban VII in 1590 who reigned the shortest, only 13 days.
What is Infallibility?
When the pope speaks ex cathedra (from the chair), he can by himself or with the college of bishops, must be defining a doctrine regarding faith or morals to be held by the church for his speaking to be infallible. His teaching will be free from error or deception, and we are bound to obey it. (889-892)
What is the Magisterium?
It is the teaching authority of the church; the college of bishops in union with the pope. They are to “…teach, interpret, and preserve Scripture and Tradition for all believers…” (The Catholic Faith Handbook, p. 26 and CCC877-892)
What is the Communion of Saints? It is stated in the Apostles’ Creed.
It is the assembly of all of the saints (those in the state of grace), which include: The Church Triumpant (those in Heaven, in glory), The Church Suffering (Souls in Purgatory, those who have died and are being purified), and the Church Militant (pilgrims on Earth, those still living, but in the state of grace). (CCC 962, 946-962)
Catechism of the Catholic Church #1054 defines purgatory. Who goes there?
“Those who die in God’s grace and friendship imperfectly purified, although they are assured of their eternal salvation, undergo a purification after death, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of God.” So, purgatory is designed for those who still need to work off some of the temporal punishment due to their sins. We can accomplish this while on Earth, by performing works of mercy and through prayers.
Where can we find Purgatory in the Bible?
2 Maccabees 12:38-46 speaks of offering prayers and sacrifices for the dead. Why do this if they went straight to heaven? Because we can help them atone for their sins. 1 Peter 1:7 speaks of being purified through fire. 1 Corinthians 3:11-15 speaks of those cleansed through fire, and Malachi 3:2-4. (CCC 1030-32)
Can you name 5 Saints from the 1900s?
Gianna Beretta Molla, Maria Goretti, Faustina Kowalska, Maximilian Kolbe, Pope John XXIII, Padre Pio, Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer, Pope John Paul II and others.
What is an indulgence?
It is a remission of the temporal punishment due to sins, whose guilt has already been forgiven, which the faithful Christian who is in the state of grace, goes to confession and receives communion in addition to says prescribed prayers for the Pope and performs the specified service can gain for either themselves of the souls in purgatory. A plenary indulgence removes all of the temporal punishment, a partial only some. (CCC 1475)
What does Immaculate Conception mean?
“The Most Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment of her conception, preserved, immune from all stain of original sin.” Mary was conceived without sin. “She was holy and blameless” and “remained free of every personal sin her whole life long.” (CCC 491-3)
What is the Incarnation?
The Word became flesh. “The Son of God assumed a human nature in order to accomplish our salvation in it.” Jesus became a man. (CCC 461-3)
What does it mean that Jesus had two natures?
When Jesus became man, he did not stop being God. “He became truly man while remaining truly God.” “He is truly the Son of God who, without ceasing to be God and Lord, became a man and our brother.” (CCC 464-9)
When the angels announced the birth of Jesus to the shepherds, they gave praise saying what?
“…I proclaim to you good news of great joy that will be for all the people. For today in the city of David a savior has been born for you who is Messiah and Lord.” “Glory to God in the highest and on earth peace to those on whom his favor rests.” (Luke 2:10-11, 14)